Description of Besan Plant
Gram dal, chick pea, bengal gram, milling is an important industry supplying flour of gram dal (Besan) to mankind. Flour milling has been known from a very early date. Besan is used for day to day food products in houses of each and everyonefor variety of tastes and has several uses across the country and throughout the year. It is made from Gram dal and is very popular especially in Western part of the country. It is used in sweet as well as spicy food and snacks preparations. This project can be set up in many States of India as Gram Dal is cultivated almost throughout the country.Gram Flour (Besan) is the most common flour used by the sweet makers, hotels and households for various preparations. Many food items are prepared by addition of spices, sugar etc. It has got fairly long shelf-life. Certification under the PFA Act is necessary.
Indians by nature are fond of sweet as well as spicy food and Gram flour which is popularly known as "Besan" is an important ingredient in such preparations. It is a versatile product used in many preparations round the year. Apart from individual households, there are some institutional bulk consumers like restaurants, other eateries, hostels and canteens, clubs, caterers, etc. It is a very commonly used item in the Indian kitchens and thus enjoys continuous market throughout the year. It is being manufactured in several States including Gujarat. Thus there will be competition from the existing manufacturers. Market for this product is growing continuously due to more and more applications, increasing population and its easy availability.Hence, a new entrant has to plan marketing strategy systematically ensuring adequate network backed up by good quality and competitive price. It is envisaged that initially the unit would concentrate on bulk supplies to make initial inroads in market and thereafter gradually enter the consumer market.
The process of manufacturing quality besan or gram flour involves four major processes, as explained below.
Dal Making - mini dal mills is use for making carrying different processes cleaning and grading, pitting, pre-treatment with oil & water, conditioning, de- husking & splitting.
Cleaning - Eliminate pebbles, broken grains and other impurities from Gram.
Conditioning - Based on physical properties of gram dal, remove other coloured gram halves. Water content, if any, should be removed by sun-drying to maintain minimum 12 to 14% moisture.
Milling ( Grinding ) - The gradual milling system should be adopted for milling and operation consists of breaking, scalping and purification, reduction and dressing.
1. Multipurpose pulses and Grains Mills is a very simple type of pulveriser. The grinding chamber consists of a serrated ratchet liner on top, and screen at the bottom for classification. Feed material is passed into grinding chamber through a hopper manually. The ground power is collected in a through fitted below the screen, depending on the desired fineness. These Multipurpose pulses and Grains Mills is best suitable for small scale industries or beginners.
2. The impact pulveriser consists of an encased rotor carrying swing hammers, whizzer classifier for fineness regulation and pressure gradient creator mounted on a solid shaft. Raw material to be pulverized enters the crushing chamber through the hopper or the automatic rotary feeder. The impact of the hammers on the feed material against the liner plates reduces it into fine powder. The ground material is carried towards the whizzer classifier for classification and the oversize particles are rejected by the classifier and returned to the crushing chamber for further grinding. The classified material is then conveyed into the cyclone for collection and bagging. A dust collector is provided in the system for ensuring dust less operation and for no loss of ground powder. for more details please visit us at impact pulveriser for mass productionsDuring the grinding process, a small quantity of air is generated, to remove this air a Polyester dust bag is fixed below the through and the other end of the bag is hung at a height, also acting like a dust collector.
Finishing - Sometimes, finished excellent flour (besan) is mixed to obtain a standard and uniform desired properties, characteristics and colour.
The process is simple compared to wheat, rice, maize milling units.
At Bhajan Agriculture & Engg. Works. , quality is the word, which contains utmost value. Considering the end-application and usage of our systems, Bhajan Agriculture & Engg. Works takes special care at each and every stage of the production. All these systems are manufactured using only certified components. In addition, all these components are checked before taking up the production.